Sexual trauma occurs in various ways including sexual abuse in childhood, rape, accidents on genitals, invasive surgery.
Some sexual trauma results in complex PTSD for some patients. With other patients it manifests itself in areas of life that can cause problems for the patient: acute anxiety in intimate relationships, a wide range of sexual dysfunctions, attachment disruption, rage towards self or others.
The treatment of sexual trauma will vary depending if the presentation is PTSD or psychosexual. However, all treatments of sexual trauma involve a holistic and humanistic approach: psychological, psychosexual and body psychotherapy (somatic) interventions, as well as a particular focus on safe practice to avoid re-traumatisation.